Defence and Dialogue in Eastern Europe will cover six Panels in accordance to NATO’s current agenda. Both the Forum and the Simulation will be focused on six topics that aim to describe the threats and challenges of the Eastern European neighborhood and the solutions proposed by NATO on how to deal with them. Se below the topics for each Committee/Council simulated during DDEE:
Euro Atlantic Partnership Council:
In July 2016 NATO Allies committed to contribute to the efforts of the international community in projecting stability and strengthening security outside NATO territory through cooperation and partnerships. Over the years the Alliance has developed a network of regional partnership frameworks with 41 partner countries from the Euro-Atlantic area, the Mediterranean and the Gulf region, as well as individual relationships with other partners across the globe. Through partnership, NATO and partners pursue a broad vision of security. The forum will focus on the Eastern Partners and NATO’s cooperation with them.
Eastern Europe is crucially affected by disinformation when it comes to both member and partner countries. The countries affected by corruption are more exposed to disinformation than the rest of Europe. Although we are living in an era of communication with many sources of information, this is a growing phenomenon. The forum is focused on explaining how this phenomenon is possible. The discussion is meant to inform the population and to contribute to balancing this asymmetric fight against propaganda.
NATO – EU Relations
In a Joint Declaration during the Warsaw Summit, NATO ad EU pledged to boost cooperation in key areas such as countering hybrid and cyber threats, supporting partners in defence capacity building, improving information-sharing and cooperation in the Mediterranean, as well as on defence capabilities, defence industry, research, and exercises. In this regard both organizations came up with a package of measures that are now being implemented. Each of them will be analysed, discussed and debated amongst NATO and EU experts during the forum discussions.
Cyber is a topic that simply cannot be ignored, considering the high vulnerabilities that the cyber space is exposed to and the increasing number of alerts announcing cyber threats. At the Warsaw Summit, Allies recognised cyberspace as a domain of operations in which NATO must defend itself as effectively as it does in the air, on land and at sea. As the Alliance is facing an evolving complex threat environment and cyber defence is part of NATO’s core task of collective defence, this topic becomes important to be addressed in this forum. Moreover, cyber defence is a rapidly evolving subject that requires constant discussion from the experts covering it, in order to keep-up with its development.
NATO’s Enhanced Forward Presence
In 2016 Warsaw Summit Allies decided to establish NATO’s forward presence in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland and to develop a tailored forward presence in the Black Sea region. This decision is being implemented with four multinational battalion-size battle groups in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, on a rotational basis. NATO is also developing a tailored forward presence in the southeast of Alliance territory with a land element built around a multinational framework brigade, under Multinational Division Southeast in Romania and coordinates multinational training through the Combined Joint Enhanced Training Initiative. Moreover, resilience and civil preparedness come to complement the military defence, playing a crucial role in identifying national vulnerabilities.
Ballistic Missile Defence
Proliferation of ballistic missiles is a responsibility that the Alliance took as part of its core task of collective defence. As part of the US European Phased Adaptive Approach (EPAA), Romania is hosting an Aegis Ashore site at Deveselu Air Base (declared operational in May 2016). Since this is a controversial topic at NATO’s Eastern European border, it makes a lot of room for questions covering both its role and the mechanisms behind its functionality. The forum will allocate an important place for this topic, with experts coming from Deveselu to brief the public.